Located 6° above the equator, Sri Lanka enjoys a warm, tropical climate year-round. The finest weather in southwest Sri Lanka coincides with the calmest oceans off the coast, and runs from November through April. During this time days are warm with temperatures rising to a daily maximum of 30°C. The rainy season is traditionally from May to July, though the sun is rarely out of sight for long. August and September are drier months, with rain showers returning in October and November. In December the cooler, drier winds also herald the start of the winter season’s calm seas and turquoise waters. The year round average temperature is 27°C.
Sri Lanka has two national languages: Sinhala and Tamil, although English is widely spoken.
The national currency is the rupee. It is divided into 100 cents. Traveller’s cheques are easy to cash and some banks in larger towns have ATMs.
Reasonable precautions should be taken against hepatitis A and typhoid. Drinking bottled water is often an adequate precaution against water-borne illnesses. Using an effective mosquito repellent is advised to minimise the risk of contracting mosquito-borne diseases. Guests should consult their doctor and arrange travel insurance prior to departure.
Electricity is 230-240 volts/ 50 cycles. Sri Lanka is five and a half hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). During the winter months of December and January a light pullover might be required in the hills, particularly in the mornings and evenings. During the hot summer months when the mercury can approach 35°C it is recommended that guests wear light, yet conservative attire. Guests should at all times travel with comfortable walking shoes and a wide-brimmed hat and drink plenty of bottled water during the hotter times of the day.